Discoveries about the brain include the fact that its storage capacity is virtually unlimited, that it can generate around 23 watts of power - which is enough to power a lightbulb, and that it can survive for up to six minutes without oxygen.
In a more recent discovery, National Institutes of Health researchers gained some insight into why our brains remember certain words much better than others.
The study focused on epilepsy patients and healthy volunteers and was published in Nature Human Behaviour.
The team combined memory tests, brain wave recordings, and surveys of billions of words published in books, news articles and internet encyclopaedia pages, and showed how the organ may recall words, in addition to memories of our past experiences.
Through testing the research team found that remembering certain words could be linked to your memories of them.